The condition can develop at any age, although most people develop alopecia areata for the first time before the age of 30. Alopecia areata is not life-threatening and does not cause physical pain. However, the psychosocial effects of hair loss can be devastating.
What triggers alopecia?
The cause of alopecia areata is probably an autoimmune reaction. This means the body’s immune system incorrectly attacks the body’s own cells. In the case of alopecia areata, the cells under attack are in the hair follicles (structures that grow hair), especially follicles within the scalp.
What causes alopecia in adults?
What causes alopecia areata? Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease. This means that your immune system mistakenly attacks a part of your body. When you have alopecia areata, cells in your immune system surround and attack your hair follicles (the part of your body that makes hair).
Can you suddenly develop alopecia?
Alopecia occurs for many different reasons and presents in various ways. It can occur suddenly or develop gradually over time. Sudden-onset causes include illness, diet, medications, and childbirth. Alopecia that has a gradual onset more likely has a genetic component.
Can alopecia come at any age?
Alopecia areata can occur at any age but about half of cases come on in childhood and 80% of cases come on before the age of 40 years. Men and women are equally affected. The condition tends to be milder if it comes on at an older age.
How can you fix alopecia?
There is currently no cure for alopecia areata, although there are some forms of treatment that can be suggested by doctors to help hair re-grow more quickly. The most common form of alopecia areata treatment is the use of corticosteroids, powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that can suppress the immune system.
Does stress cause alopecia?
A variety of factors are thought to cause alopecia areata (al-o-PEE-she-uh ar-e-A-tuh), possibly including severe stress. With alopecia areata, the body’s immune system attacks the hair follicles — causing hair loss.
How do you prevent alopecia from getting worse?
Can I Prevent Pattern Alopecia from Getting Worse?
- Avoid Unnecessary Hair or Scalp Trauma. This is one of the simplest ways to manage your alopecia and mitigate hair loss. …
- Try to Reduce Stress. Unfortunately, stress can be a big factor in hair loss. …
- Invest in Corticosteroid Treatment. …
- Analyze Your Diet.
What is the best treatment for alopecia?
Patchy alopecia areata
- Minoxidil: Also known by the brand name Rogaine®, minoxidil can help you keep the hair growth stimulated by another treatment. …
- Corticosteroids you apply: You apply this medication to the bald spots once or twice a day as instructed by your dermatologist.
What causes alopecia in females?
Tumors of the pituitary gland or ovary, which secrete androgen, may also lead to hair loss. Other causes of hair loss in women include: Autoimmune disease: Alopecia areata is a rare autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to attack the hair follicles leading to hair loss.
Can alopecia go away on its own?
Alopecia areata (AA) causes hair loss in small, round patches that may go away on their own, or may last for many years. Nearly 2% of the U.S. population (about four million people) will develop AA in their lifetime.
How quickly does alopecia progress?
People with alopecia areata typically have smooth, round patches of complete hair loss that develop over a period of a few weeks, followed in most cases by regrowth over several months (picture 1).
What are the 3 types of Alopecia?
Most people know alopecia to be a form of hair loss. However, what they don’t always know is that there are three main types of the condition – alopecia areata, alopecia totalis and alopecia universalis.
Can you stop alopecia?
Alopecia areata can’t be prevented because its cause is unknown. This autoimmune disorder may be the result of several factors. Those include a family history, other autoimmune condition, and even other skin conditions.
Who is normally affected by alopecia?
Alopecia areata tends to occur most often in adults 30 to 60 years of age. However, it can also affect older individuals and, rarely, young children.
What are the chances of getting alopecia?
Alopecia areata is a common autoimmune skin disease, causing hair loss on the scalp, face and sometimes on other areas of the body. In fact, it affects as many as 6.8 million people in the U.S. with a lifetime risk of 2.1%. People of all ages, both sexes and all ethnic groups can develop alopecia areata.